Mercado basically used only the two methodologies, namely the metalinguistic analysis and phenomenology of behavior. Filipinos over the years have proven time and time again that they are a people with an industrious attitude.
The Greek ideal of moderation or meden agan, the Roman in medio stat virtus, the Confucian and Buddhist "doctrine of the Middle", find their Filipino equivalent in hindi labis, hindi kulang, katamtaman lamang.
In the Philippines, philosophy is understood in its academic or popular level depending on the paradigm and background the individual. As such, philosophy could compare and contrast cultures.
Human values are not merely private. But Culture seems to pose a problem, since from the start it was not already included in the definition of philosophy. A sense of national frustration, helplessness, and despair grips the nation and the people no longer care.
Holding the idea that philosophy is a behavior science, Mercado intimates that culture is an indispensable ingredient of philosophy. Pagmamay-ari ng kapangyarihan the possession of power and their abuse could lead to class distinction or the "malakas-mahina system".
We must also distinguish between Filipino actual and normative behaviour between what is and what ought to be. Philosophical basis[ edit ] Filipino values are, for the most part, centered at maintaining social harmony, motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group.
Filipino values like bahala na, utang na loob, hiya, pakikisama, pakiusap are clustered around core values like social acceptance, economic security, social mobility, and are always found in a definite context or set of circumstances.
Values for National Reconstruction," 2 bases its framework on the provisions of the Philippine Constitution of The difference lies in the way these elements are ranked, combined or emphasized so that they take on a distinctively Filipino slant or cast.
Secondly, when we speak of Filipino values, we do not mean that elements of these Filipino values are absent in the value systems of other peoples and cultures. There is an objective difference between value and disvalue, pleasure and pain, life and death, poverty and affluence, heroism and cowardice, truth and error, right and wrong, holiness and sinfulness.
No society will long endure unless there is justice; that is, unless a system of reward and punishment exists and is effective. Fourthly, we can speak of Filipino values in the sense that the historical consciousness of values has evolved among our people.
Mercado did not yet transcend the spirit of Western Philosophy. He said that as philosophy becomes more and more specialized, it also becomes more and more absurd and useless.
This is true not only of the aims and goals, beliefs, convictions, and social principles of the traditional value system of the lowland rural family 4 but also of what Fr.
The present government should therefore prioritize an effective system of universal sanctions for those who hold power. It is everywhere wherever there are Filipinos.
Thirdly, universal human values in a Filipino context historical, cultural, socio-economic, political, moral and religious take on a distinctive set of Filipino meanings and motivations. Filipino values have both positive and negative aspects depending on the context in which they are found.Below is an interesting and informative essay on understanding our Filipino value system, written just a few years after the Marcos downfall, VALUE PHILOSOPHY.
Filipino Philosophy is the attitude, worldview, and notion of the natural citizens of the Philippines towards the day-to-day experiences in life, religion, communication, survival, interrelationship with people and intra-relationship with his sakop or to oneself – the “I,” and the uplifting of one’s soul – the Filipino being.
An object cannot have value in itself. Value is relational, and so requires a person and a goal. The goal to which one aims is called the "value", but the relationship is always required. This means an object cannot be a value in itself. It only gains the title of value when a person acts to achieve or maintain it.
Values are essential to ethics. Concept and Analysis of Filipino Philosophy Filipino Philosophy of Education Filipino Political Thought Filipino Be industrious and value the.
The book discusses the application of Filipino Philosophy to the daily life and to the different concepts of beauty, philosophy of history, work and leisure, personnel management and social philosophy, Filipino Psychology, national goals and philosophy of education, and postmodern Philippines.
Some of the primary elements of the Filipino philosophy, or cultural worldview, are resiliency, patience, determination and endurance in the face of adversity. This is not, however, reflected by a Some of the primary elements of the Filipino philosophy, or cultural worldview, are resiliency, patience, determination and endurance in the face of adversity.Download