He also found evidence of anti-social behavior, affectionless psychopathy, and disorders of language, intellectual development and physical growth. Stress, coping and development: Michael Rutter argued that if a child fails to develop an emotional bondthis is privationwhereas deprivation refers to the loss of or damage to an attachment.
Lamb Outline and evaluate bowlbys theory of attachment that some children form secure relationships with their mothers and insecure relationships with their fathers. Attachment is seen as an evolutionary theory as it is seen as a necessary mechanism for survival and is passed genetically.
Bowlby argued that there is a critical period between the ages of birth and 2.
Bowlby used the term maternal deprivation to refer to the separation or loss of the mother as well as the failure to develop an attachment. According to the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis, breaking the maternal bond with the child during the early stages of its life is likely to have serious effects on its intellectual, social and emotional development.
According to Bowlbythe primary caregiver acts as a prototype for future relationships via the internal working model. Rutter argues that these problems are not due solely to the lack of attachment to a mother figure, as Bowlby claimed, but to factors such as the lack of intellectual stimulation and social experiences which attachments normally provide.
If separation continues the child will start to engage with other people again.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Only 2 of the control group had experienced a prolonged separation in their first 5 years.
This internal working model is a cognitive framework comprising mental representations for understanding the world, self, and others. An insecure-avoidant child will develop an internal working model in which it sees itself as unworthy because its primary attachment figure has reacted negatively to it during the sensitive period for attachment formation.
Observers watched the behaviours displayed between the infants and caregiver from behind one way mirrors and collected data every 15 seconds on various different criteria, they also measured the intensity of the behaviour on a scale of None of the control group were affectionless psychopaths.
Attachment styles developed in infancy play a role in later attachment styles through the continuity hypothesis. The development of affective responsiveness in infant monkeys.
Bowlbys theory has been applied to encourage women to stay at home after pregnancy. Attachment in social networks: They will reject the caregiver on their return and show strong signs of anger. Theory, research, and clinical applications pp. Infants and caregivers usually mothers are innately programmed to become attached.
Child and sibling caretaking. Other attachments may develop in a hierarchy. For example, showing no guilt for antisocial behavior.
Michael Rutter wrote a book called Maternal Deprivation Re-assessed. This is called temperament hypothesis.
Attachment and the regulation of the right brain. Hodges and Tizard found that children who have formed no attachments had later difficulties with their peers.
The strange situation was used to see how infants react under stressful situations such as separation from the caregiver causing separation anxiety and also the presence of a stranger stranger anxiety.Mai Yongsakul Psychology: ATTACHMENT Friday 1st October ultimedescente.com OUTLINE & EVALUATION OF BOWLBY'S THEORY John Bowlb.
Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment (12 marks) Bowlby was an evolutionary Psychologist who believed that attachment is a part of evolutionary behaviour and focus on an animal’s instinctive and innate.
Home > A Level and IB > Psychology > Outline and Evaluate Bowlby's Theory of Attachments- Essay Outline and Evaluate Bowlby's Theory of Attachments- Essay / 5. Outline and Evaluate John Bowlbys evolutionary theory of attachment John Bowlby’s evolutionary theory was proposed in and suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed, to form attachments with others, because, this will help them to survive and reproduce.
Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment (12 marks) 6 AO1 marks: It is essential to briefly describe how attachment formation has evolved through natural selection to create human behaviours that aid survival. You must state that attachment is innate, occurs during a critical period, and forms an internal working model.
In turn, Bowlbys evolutionary theory of attachment suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with their main caregiver – usually the mother – in order to survive, this is known as monotropy.Download